Cognitive and physical rehabilitation of intensive care unit survivors: results of the RETURN randomized controlled pilot investigation.

Source: Jackson, J. C., et al. 2012 - Pubmed ID: 22080631

Setting: USA, University medical center

Study design:



Follow up: 3 months

Patient group:

Sample size:

Total: 21 (17)

IG: 13 (9)

CG: 8 (8)


Inclusion criteria:

  • > 18 years of age
  • Intensive care unit patient survivors
Type of technology:

Phone call

  • Motivation
  • Assess barriers and/or progres-sion in treatment


  • Physical and functional training

Intervention: A total of 12 visits – 6 in person visits for cognitive rehabilitation and 6 televisits for physical and functional rehabilitation, each 60-75 minutes in length, with sessions following an alternating format (i.e., first cognitive then physical-functional and so on). Televisits used interactive 2-way videophones facilitated by an assistant in the home and/or were video recorded for subsequent review. Visits were supplemented with brief telephone calls by study personnel from relevant disciplines during alternate weeks. Participants completed a workbook between visits to help track compliance.

: 12 weeks
Add on: NA 


Control group: Usual care including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nursing care, delivered to in-patient, out-patient, or home-health settings.

Clinical effect/ Patient safety:

Clinical effect:

  • TOWER test (cognition) ↑
  • TUG →
  • IADL ↑

Patient safety:

  • One adverse event was reported – a participant in the intervention group experienced a minor ankle sprain while participating in a walking exercise.
Patient experiences/ Staff experiences:

Patient experiences: NA 


Staff experiences: NA

Costs and organization:



  • Videoequipment


Staff resources

  • Videovisits
  • Phone call


Health care utilization:

Scroll to Top


“↑”: Statistically significant increase

“↓”: Statistically significant decrease

“→”: Statistically insignificant (no difference)