Does Telephone Follow-Up and Education Affect Self-Care and Metabolic Control in Diabetic Patients?

Source: Aytekin Kanadli, K., et al. 2016 - Pubmed ID: 26871245

Setting: Turkey, Hospital

Study design:

RCT

Follow up: 3 months

Patient group:

Sample size:

Total:91( 88)

IG: 47(44)

CG: 44(44)

Inclusion criteria:

Diabetes mellitus, diagnosed in the previous year.

Type of technology:

Telephone call

– Education

– Monitoring

Intervention:

Intervention:

Patient education:

At the hospital in groups of 8-10 persons, 20-25 min.

+ educational Booklets

Telephone follow up:

1 call every week/first month, 1 call every second week/second and third month. Review of metabolic values and continuous education

Duration: 3 month

Add on: NA

Control group:

Usual care (outpatient visits every 3 months)

Clinical effect/ Patient safety:

Clinical effect:

– Patient Self-care ↑

– HbA1c  ↓ (improvement)

– Total Cholesterol ↓

– Triglyceride →

– HDL →

– LDL →

– BMI ↓

– Waist circumference →

– Systolic bp ↓

– Diastolic bp →

 

Patient safety: NA

Patient experiences/ Staff experiences:

Patient experiences: NA

Staff experiences: NA

Costs and organization:

Investment:

Equipment:

– Booklet

Running: 

Staff resources:

– telephone call

– in-person education

Organization

NA

Health care utilization:

NA

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Information

“↑”: Statistically significant increase

“↓”: Statistically significant decrease

“→”: Statistically insignificant (no difference)