Telemedicine compared with standard care in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized trial in an outpatient clinic.

Source: Rasmus-sen, O. W., et al. 2016 - Pubmed ID: 26468213

Setting: Denmark, Hospital

Study design:

RCT

Follow up:
6 months

Patient group:

Sample size:

Total: 40

IG: 18

CG: 22

Inclusion criteria:

– Type 2 diabetes

– 40-85 years

Type of technology:

Video consulta-tion

Homemonitoring
– bloodpressure

Intervention:

Intervention: Video consultation with a nurse. A Doctor was sometimes present or asked for advice during consultations. The patient returned to their general practitioner after stabilization.

Duration: NA

Add on:  

Control group: Regular scheduled outpatient clinic visits

Clinical effect/ Patient safety:

Clinical effect:

– HbA1c ↓

– Blood glucose↓

– Cholesterol ↓

– Blood pressure →

– Bodyweight →

Patient safety:

NA

Patient experiences/ Staff experiences:

Patient experiences:

Average numbers of consultation 4.1 (IG)  (none missed)

3.8 (CG) (13% missed)

-Consultation time average 18min (IG) 23min (CG)

Staff experiences:

NA

Costs and organization:

Investment:

Material

– Videophone

– Broadband connection

– Blood pressure monitor

Running:

Staff resources

– Video consultation

Organization:

NA

Health care utilization:

NA

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Information

“↑”: Statistically significant increase

“↓”: Statistically significant decrease

“→”: Statistically insignificant (no difference)